They have already spent a few days of the New Horizons probe NASA spent only 12,500 kilometers of one of the celestial bodies unknown to us and always up much mystery: Pluto. New high resolution photos that are coming gradually allow us to know more about the surface of the dwarf planet. Here a collection of news, but remember it’s just the tip of the iceberg, because all the data collected by the probe will take 16 months to reach Earth.

new horizons

1 Ice Mountains

The first pictures showed mountains on Pluto’s surface, where heart-shaped region. reaching 3,500 m on its frozen surface. Now the mystery is how they came to form these mountains, because the small atmosphere of methane, carbon monoxide and nitrogen should not reach to form mountains. They are thought to have formed by frozen water system.

Also, it’s mountains were formed just 100 million years ago (or so it is estimated). It may seem a lot, but the solar system is 4.6 billion years old, which would make this area one of the youngest. Moreover, the nearby mountain region may still be geologically active.

However, it is clear that there is plenty of water on Pluto.

2- Bigger than you thought at first

Pluto is a little larger than previously thought, and its size reaches 2370 km in diameter, which does not mean that it remains a small planet. Just compare our Moon, with a diameter of 3474 km. It’s no wonder these changes, since its distance from Earth always made it very difficult to measure.

3- Charon, Nix and Hydra: details of the moons

The satellites of Pluto are also protagonists. We have images (somewhat pixelated, of course) of the small moons Nix and Hydra, of which until now only had appreciated little dots. They are not exactly spherical, and in the case of Hydra is covered with ice.

He could also learn more about Charon, one of the five moons of Pluto. It turns out the new photos, much more detailed, reveal an almost cratered surface, a young surface where even could have geological processes. Something very different from what scientists expected.