Properties and uses of non-ferrous and ferrous metals
Non-Ferrous metals are the group of metals that have little or no iron in their composition. They are sought after metals, as they are generally more valuable, lighter in weight and more conductive than normal iron or steel products.
Most non-ferrous metals have a high resistance to corrosion, adding to their value in various markets and applications. The most common non-ferrous metals are aluminum, copper, lead, nickel, tin, titanium and zinc. If you would like to know brief information about different types of metals, you could choose pure tin ingot.
Other precious metals not often associated with non-ferrous metals are platinum, gold, and silver.
The high costs involved in producing and manufacturing non-ferrous metals are extremely high, and by re-using the metal, the costs are dramatically reduced.
The word ferrous is used to describe the presence of iron within certain metallic compounds. Whether it is naturally occurring iron composites or metals manipulated to contain certain percentages of iron, ferrous metals, either way, are used throughout the industrial and commercial world.
Due to the high amounts of carbon used in the creation of such alloys, ferrous metals are vulnerable to rust when consistently exposed to the elements. This rule of thumb proves untrue when applied to wrought iron.
Due to its iron pure properties that resist oxidization, as well as stainless steel, due to its high chromium content.
Most ferrous metals contain magnetic properties which make them popular materials in the mass production of everyday items, from large motors to fridge magnets. If you need to know quality pewter suppliers for arts, crafts, and jewelry parts you could choose here.
Ferrous metals can be divided into three main alloy groups:
Mild Steel – Used in the engineering industry, mild steel is fabricated to form structural and load beams in skyscrapers and city bridges.
Stainless Steel – Due to its rust-resistant surface, this alloy of ferrous metal is used in the production of household items such as appliances and cutlery as well as in the medical field in the form of scalpels, operating machinery and containers.
Carbon Steel – Comprised of 0.6 to 1.4% carbon and 98.6 to 99.4% Iron, this alloy is mainly used in the creation of cutting tools such as Drill bits.
When selecting a metal in the use of mechanical production, consideration needs to be taken to the reaction a metal is going to have in the forging/casting/extruding process it with going through to mold it into the desired form.
Ferrous metals have a more severe reaction in these processes when compared to Non Ferrous metals. Due to these reactions, it is in the best interest of the user to reuse pre-formed ferrous alloys that have the already desired compounds within the alloy itself. In order to save time and resources in the reproducing of new alloys each time.
Most ferrous metals do not lose their physical properties during the recycling process marking them as the best types of metals to reuse time and time again.
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